Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorLópez Suarez, Franz Edwin
dc.coverage.spatialBogotá D.C., Colombiaspa
dc.creatorSiatoya Ramírez, Karen Johana
dc.creatorArce Portilla, Yiovann Alirio
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-08T16:20:07Z
dc.date.available2019-08-08T16:20:07Z
dc.date.created2019
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12010/6708
dc.description.abstractEn este trabajo se investiga y se clasifica información acerca del tratamiento de los residuos sólidos generados en la Corporación de Abastos de Bogotá (CORABASTOS), así como su disposición final, donde cerca del 60% de las 127 Ton/día de los residuos sólidos que se producen pertenecen a los remanentes orgánicos, resultantes de frutas, verduras y hortalizas, (20, 40 y 40% respectivamente), de los cuales (según lo investigado), el 96,7% se emplea en procesos de compostaje, fertilizantes líquidos, energía y alimentación de ganado bovino y porcino. Se estudia el contexto actual del tratamiento de los residuos generados en la plaza de mercado de CORABASTOS, se sugiere un plan de muestreo basado en una herramienta propuesta por la Comisión Europea (Solid Waste Analysis Tool). Con el fin de determinar el potencial de los residuos generados, se presentan las diferentes técnicas internacionales (basadas en las normas ASTM, DIN e ISO) para evaluar la composición físico-química de los residuos orgánicos durante el año (teniendo en cuenta que hay alimentos que se producen en determinadas temporadas, lo que podría alterar sus propiedades). Posteriormente, se propusieron una serie de procesos fisicoquímicos como posibles soluciones a la generación de los residuos orgánicos producidos en la plaza de CORABASTOS, transformándolos en productos de valor agregado, como fertilizantes y energía eléctrica a partir de biogás, energía eléctrica por gasificación, acetona, butanol, etanol, colorante en polvo, bioetanol, hidrógeno a partir de bioetanol, vainillina, furfural, alcohol furfurílico y 2-metilfurano a partir de furfural, carbón activado, ácido glutámico, hidrógeno y metanol, siendo alternativas diferentes al poco desarrollo de tecnologías, métodos o procesos que generen este tipo de productos de valor agregado, ya que el aprovechamiento de la biomasa va dirigido a la elaboración de productos convencionales, como compostaje, biogás, energía eléctrica y biocombustibles.spa
dc.format.extent59 páginasspa
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfspa
dc.language.isospaeng
dc.publisherUniversidad de Bogotá Jorge Tadeo Lozanospa
dc.subjectAbastecimiento de alimentosspa
dc.titleAprovechamiento de los residuos generados en la Plaza de Mercado de Corabastos para la elaboración de productos de valor agregado: Contexto actual, perspectiva y posibles solucionesspa
dc.type.localTrabajo de gradospa
dc.subject.lembQuímica, Ingenieríaspa
dc.subject.lembQuímicaspa
dc.subject.lembSoluciones (Química)spa
dc.subject.lembBioetanol -- Producciónspa
dc.subject.lembEnergía biomásicaspa
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessspa
dc.type.hasversioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersionspa
dc.rights.localAbierto (Texto Completo)spa
dc.publisher.programIngeniería Químicaspa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.relation.referencesSubmitted by Yiovann Alirio Arce Portilla (yiovanna.arcep@utadeo.edu.co) on 2019-08-05T21:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Entrega Final.rar: 4126859 bytes, checksum: d9b8d125e7d09a47a3443284c18732ee (MD5)spa
dc.description.hashtag#Corabastosspa
dc.description.hashtag#ResiduosDeAlimentosspa
dc.description.hashtag#Combustiblesspa
dc.description.rdaRequerimientos de sistema: Adobe Acrobat Readerspa
dc.description.abstractenglishIn this work he investigates and is classified information about the treatment of solid waste generated in the Bogotá supplies Corporation (CORABASTOS) and their final disposition, where near 60% of the 127 tons per day of solid waste that is they produce belong to the organic remnants, resulting from fruit and vegetables, (20, 40 and 40% respectively), of which (as investigated), 96.7% is used in processes of composting, liquid fertilizers, energy and feeding of cattle and pig. Examines the current context of the treatment of the waste generated at the CORABASTOS market square, it suggests a sampling plan based on a tool proposed by the European Commission (Solid Waste Analysis Tool). In order to determine the potential of the waste generated, international techniques (based on ASTM, DIN and ISO standards) are presented to evaluate the physico-chemical composition of organic waste during the year (taking into account that there are (foods that are produced in certain seasons, which could alter its properties). Subsequently, proposed a series of physico-chemical processes as possible solutions to the generation of waste produced in the square of CORABASTOS, transforming them into products with added value, such as fertilizer and electricity to starting from biogas, electricity by gasification, acetone, butanol, ethanol, dye powder, bioethanol and hydrogen from bioethanol, Vanillin, furfural, alcohol Furfuryl and 2-methylfuran from furfural, activated carbon, glutamic acid, hydrogen and methanol, as alternatives to the little development of technologies, methods, or processes that generate this type of value-added products, since the use of biomass is directed to the production of conventional products, as composting, biogas, electricity and biofuels.spa
dc.description.degreenameIngeniero Químicospa
dc.publisher.facultyFacultad de Ciencias Naturales e Ingenieríaspa
dc.identifier.instnameinstname:Universidad de Bogotá Jorge Tadeo Lozanospa
dc.identifier.reponamereponame:Repositorio Institucional de la Universidad de Bogotá Jorge Tadeo Lozanospa
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesiseng


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record