Interdisciplinary discussions on sustainable use of wood structure and fire risk - situations in japan and Austria
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Wood is globally expected to be used for construction material for urban buildings because of its low environmental impact. For sustainable use of wood, three aspects of sustainability – environment, society, and economy – should be fulfilled. Currently, wood is required strict legal restrictions due to fear of social fire risk increase, and individual building owners have to bear additional costs for the requirements. Present building regulations deal with the worst fire scenario and require equivalent fire performance of wood to non-combustible materials. The probability of social fire risks and financial burden about the damage have not been discussed enough. That is one reason for strict legal restrictions on wood. As legislative restrictions are decided by discussions among authorities of the area. Since each area has its traditional way of use on wood, the decisions tend to be influenced by their local "common sense". The probability of social risk and cost burden must be interdisciplinarily discussed to realize appropriate risk management for sustainable use of wood. This paper deals with an international comparative study about legal and statistical tendencies concerning the responsibility of individual buildings about the use of wood in urban contexts.
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