Acute mesenteric thrombosis in two patients with COVID-19. Two cases report and literature review
Rodriguez-Nakamura, Reiko M.
Martinez Martinez, Antonio Ramiro
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Introduction The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) affects mainly the respiratory system, other organs may be involved, usually due to coagulation disturbances that lead to a high rate of thrombotic complications. Case presentation The first patient is 45 years-old who has been exposed to SARS CoV-2. Upon admission due to acute abdomen evidence surgery is performed in which an intestinal resection with an adequate post-surgical evolution takes place so the patient is discharged after 4 days with a prescription for oral anticoagulants. The second one is 42 years-old and has comorbidities. The patient is admitted upon evidence of COVID-19, after showing signs of vein mesenteric ischemia in a CT scan surgery is performed, however the patient dies 24 hours after the intervention. Discussion Within severe cases of patients with COVID-19 the incidence of a symptomatology or gastrointestinal complications is high (39- 73.8%). Thromboprophylaxis is recommended to all patients admitted for COVID-19, starting with heparin of low molecular weight as prophylaxis, as well as continuing with oral anticoagulants after being discharged. Conclusion Despite the fact that knowledge of the disease is rapidly advancing, all available treatments are still nonspecific to SARS-CoV-2 and the optimal management of COVID-19 remains unclear. An unexplained clinical picture should raise the suspicion for rare conditions such as mesenteric thrombosis. Adequate prophylactic measures should be implemented both during hospitalization and after discharge.
Palabras claveCOVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; Mesenteric ischemia; Thrombosis
Link to resourcehttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2020.10.040
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