High aspartate aminotransferase to alanine aminotransferase ratio on admission as risk factor for poor prognosis in COVID‑19 patients
This study aimed to analyze aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ratio in COVID-19 patients. After exclusion, 567 inpatients were included in this study and separated into two groups according to their AST/ALT ratio on admission. Death was regarded as poor prognosis in this study. Of 567 patients, 200 (35.3%) had AST/ALT≥ 1.38. Of the 200 patients, older age (median age 60 years), myalgia (64 [32%] cases), fatigue (91 [45.5%] cases), some comorbidities and outcomes were signifcantly diferent from patients with AST/ALT< 1.38. They also had worse chest computed tomography (CT) fndings, laboratory results and severity scores. Levels of platelet count (OR 0.995, 95% CI [0.992–0.998]) and hemoglobin (OR 0.984, 95% CI [0.972–0.995]) were independently associated with AST/ALT≥ 1.38 on admission. Furthermore, a high AST/ALT ratio on admission was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis (OR 99.9, 95% CI [2.1–4280.5]). In subsequent monitoring, both survivors and non-survivors showed decreased AST/ALT ratio during hospitalization. In conclusion, high AST/ALT ratio might be the indication of worse status and outcomes in COVID-19 patients.
Enlace al recursohttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73575-2
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