High aspartate aminotransferase to alanine aminotransferase ratio on admission as risk factor for poor prognosis in COVID‑19 patients
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This study aimed to analyze aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ratio in COVID-19 patients. After exclusion, 567 inpatients were included in this study and separated into two groups according to their AST/ALT ratio on admission. Death was regarded as poor prognosis in this study. Of 567 patients, 200 (35.3%) had AST/ALT≥ 1.38. Of the 200 patients, older age (median age 60 years), myalgia (64 [32%] cases), fatigue (91 [45.5%] cases), some comorbidities and outcomes were signifcantly diferent from patients with AST/ALT< 1.38. They also had worse chest computed tomography (CT) fndings, laboratory results and severity scores. Levels of platelet count (OR 0.995, 95% CI [0.992–0.998]) and hemoglobin (OR 0.984, 95% CI [0.972–0.995]) were independently associated with AST/ALT≥ 1.38 on admission. Furthermore, a high AST/ALT ratio on admission was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis (OR 99.9, 95% CI [2.1–4280.5]). In subsequent monitoring, both survivors and non-survivors showed decreased AST/ALT ratio during hospitalization. In conclusion, high AST/ALT ratio might be the indication of worse status and outcomes in COVID-19 patients.
Link to resourcehttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73575-2
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