COVID-19 pandemic and pregnancy in kidney disease
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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a rapidly spreading pandemic. Due to changes in the immune system and respiratory physiology, pregnant women are vulnerable to severe viral pneumonia. We review the clinical course, pregnancy outcomes, and management of women with COVID-19 in pregnancy with a focus on those with kidney involvement. Current evidence does not show an increased risk of acquiring SARS-CoV-2 during pregnancy and the maternal course appears to be similar to non-pregnant patients. However, severe maternal disease can lead to complex management challenges and has shown to be associated with higher incidence of preterm and caesarean births. The risk of congenital infection with SARS-CoV-2 is not known. All neonates must be considered as high-risk contacts and should be screened at birth and isolated. Pregnant women should follow all measures to prevent SARS-CoV-2 exposure and this fear should not compromise antenatal care. Use of telemedicine, videoconferencing, and non-invasive fetal and maternal home monitoring devices should be encouraged. High- risk pregnant patients with comorbidities and COVID19 require hospitalization and close monitoring. Pregnant women with COVID-19 and kidney disease are a high-risk group and should be managed by a multidisciplinary team approach including a nephrologist and neonatologist.
Link to resourcehttps://doi.org/10.1053/j.ackd.2020.08.005
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