Caring for children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus: italian soci- ety for pediatric and adolescent diabetes (ISPED) Statements during COV- ID-19 pandemia
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Aims: Our study aimed to review the impact of COVID-19 pandemia in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus, to analyze the clinical characteristics of the infection and to propose clinical practice recommendations from the Italian Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Endocrinology (ISPED). Methods: A literature search was carried out in the guideline databases, Medline and Embase and in Diabetes Societies websites until May 21st, 2020 for guidelines and recommendations on type 1 diabetes mellitus management during COVID-19 pandemic. Results: COVID-19 infection in pediatric patients seems to be clinically less severe than in adults, and children have so far accounted for 1-5% of diagnosed cases, and a median age of 6.7 years (1 day-15 years) with better prognoses. Clinical manifestations include mild, moderate, severe disease up to critical illness. There is currently no evidence suggesting a higher risk of COVID-19 infection in children with diabetes than unaffected peers. Besides general recommendation for pediatric patients, ISPED has proposed specific measures for patients with diabetes. Conclusion: COVID-19 outbreak modified type 1 diabetes management, and telemedicine has been demonstrating to be an effective new tool for patients care. Moreover psychological aspects deserve attention and future researchs are mandatory.
Link to resourcehttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2020.108372
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