The interaction of RAAS inhibitors with COVID-19: Current progress, perspective and future
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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID -19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS -CoV-2), is currently defined as the worst pandemic disease. SARS -CoV-2 infects human cells via the binding of its S protein to the receptor angiotensin -converting enzyme (ACE2). The use of ACEIs/ARBs (RAAS inhibitors) regulates the renin -angiotensin -aldosterone system (RAAS) and may increase ACE2 expression. Considering the large use of ACEIs/ARBs in hypertensive patients, some professional groups are concerned about whether the use of RAAS inhibitors affects the risk of SARS -CoV-2 infection or the risk of severe illness and mortality in COVID -19 patients. In this review, we summarize preclinical and clinical studies to investigate whether the use of ACEIs/ARBs increases ACE2 expression in animals or patients. We also analyzed whether the use of these drugs affects the risk of SARS -CoV-2 infection, severe illness or mortality based on recent studies. Finally, the review suggests that current evidence does not support the concerns.
Link to resourcehttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2020.118142
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